Brecht, Arnold

   bureaucrat; represented Prussia's* de-posed SPD government before the Supreme Court in 1932. He was born in Lübeck, where his father ran the Lübeck-Büchner Railroad Company. During 1902-1905 he studied law and German literature. He completed state judicial exams in 1910 and worked briefly as a judge before accepting appointment with the Justice Ministry. He remained with the ministry until Prinz Max* von Baden transferred him to the Chancellery in 1918. Although Brecht was strictly nonpartisan during the Republic, he was com-mitted to democracy. Appointed director at the Interior Ministry in 1921, he helped draft the Law for the Protection of the Republic* in 1922. His respon-sibilities included preliminary legal work for the 1923 currency reform and efforts at reforming Germany s system of proportional representation. In April 1927, as a State Undersecretary, he was abruptly retired by Interior Minister Walter von Keudell,* a member of the DNVP opposed to his politics. Otto Braun,* Prussian Prime Minister, quickly appointed him ministerial director for his government; the post made him Prussia s representative to the Reichsrat (see Constitution). Thereafter, he focused vainly on converting Germany into a uni-tary state by diverting many Prussian functions to the Reich government while establishing a sharper division between Reich and state responsibilities.
   When Franz von Papen,* acting as Reichskommissar for Prussia, dismissed Braun's government in July 1932, Brecht filed suit with the Supreme Court. Although the Supreme Court deemed Papen s action unconstitutional, its deci-sion allowed for misinterpretation. On 2 February 1933 Brecht delivered the last free speech in the Reichsrat, reading Hitler* his constitutional duties as Chan-cellor and receiving in turn Hitler's oath of office. Soon dismissed, he eventually accepted appointment with New York s New School for Social Research. After World War II he helped draft West Germany s constitution. Erich Eyck* called him "one of the best of the nation s civil servants.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Brecht, Political Education and Prelude to Silence; Eyck, History ofthe Weimar Republic, vol. 2.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brecht, Arnold — ▪ German political scientist born Jan. 26, 1884, Lübeck, Ger. died Sept. 11, 1977, Eutin, W.Ger.       exiled German public servant, who became a prominent political scientist and made major contributions in the area of clarifying scientific… …   Universalium

  • Arnold Brecht — (* 26. Januar 1884 in Lübeck; † 11. September 1977 in Eutin) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Jurist und Politikwissenschaftler. Er war führender Beamter der Weimarer Republik und gehörte zu den wenigen demokrat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brecht'sches Gesetz — Das brechtsche Gesetz (nach Arnold Brecht; er selbst nannte es Gesetz der progressiven Parallelität von Ausgaben und Bevölkerungsmassierung) besagt, dass mit steigender Bevölkerungsdichte die öffentlichen Pro Kopf Ausgaben steigen. Das Gesetz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brecht (Begriffsklärung) — Brecht ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Brecht (* 1942), deutscher Fußballspieler Arnold Brecht (1884–1977), Ministerialbeamter, seit 1933 in der amerik. Emigration Politikwissenschaftler Barbara Brecht Schall (* 1930), deutsche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnold Schoenberg — Arnold Schönberg Arnold Schönberg Los Angeles, 1948 Naissance 13 septembre 1874 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arnold Schonberg — Arnold Schönberg Arnold Schönberg Los Angeles, 1948 Naissance 13 septembre 1874 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arnold Zweig — (10 November 1887 ndash; 26 November 1968) was a German writer and anti war activist. He is best known for his World War I tetralogy.Life and workZweig was born in Glogau, Silesia (today Glogow, Poland) son of a Jewish saddler. After attending a… …   Wikipedia

  • Brecht — Brẹcht,   1) Arnold, amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler deutscher Herkunft, * Lübeck 26. 1. 1884, ✝ Eutin 11. 9. 1977; ursprünglich Beamter im Dienst des Deutschen Reichs und Preußens, zuletzt (1927 33) im preußischen Staats und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Brecht — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Arnold Brecht (1884 1977), juriste allemand Bertolt Brecht (1898 1956), dramaturge allemand Prix Bertolt Brecht, prix littéraire de la ville d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arnold Schönberg — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schönberg. Arnold Schönberg …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.